Tay Ninh Province


Tay Ninh Province, Vietnam

Tay Ninh is a province located in the Southeastern region of Vietnam. It lies at the crossroads between Ho Chi Minh City and the capital city of Phnom Penh in Cambodia, making it one of the key provinces in the Southern Economic Region. The provincial capital, Tay Ninh City, is situated 99 kilometers away from Ho Chi Minh City via National Highway 22 and 40 kilometers northwest of the Cambodian border.

The land of Tay Ninh, in ancient times, was part of the Thuy Chan Lap region and was known as Romdum Ray, meaning “Elephant Pen” because it was covered in dense forests inhabited by various wild animals such as tigers, elephants, bears, and snakes. The indigenous people in this area lived in extreme poverty until the arrival of Vietnamese settlers, who cultivated and developed the land.

Tay Ninh Province - Vietnam - TTTFIC Group

Tay Ninh Province – Vietnam – TTTFIC Group

I. Geographic Location:

Tây Ninh connects the South Central Highlands with the Mekong Delta, exhibiting characteristics of both a highland and a delta region. Its coordinates range from 10°57’08” to 11°04’36” north latitude and 105°04’48” to 106°02’48” east longitude. Tây Ninh is geographically bordered by:

  • To the east: Binh Duong Province, Binh Phuoc Province, and Ho Chi Minh City
  • To the west: Tbong Khmum Province, Svay Rieng Province (Cambodia)
  • To the north: Long An Province Tay Ninh has a 240-kilometer-long border with three international border gates: Moc Bai, Xa Mat, and Tan Nam, as well as several national border gates, including Chang Riec, Ka Tum, and Phuoc Tan.
Tay Ninh Province Administrative Map - Vietnam - TTTFIC Group

Tay Ninh Province Administrative Map – Vietnam – TTTFIC Group

II. Terrain:

Similar to other provinces in the Southeastern region, Tay Ninh has a transitional terrain from the South Central Highlands to the Mekong Delta, with relatively flat land. It combines highland characteristics with the features of a delta region. Tay Ninh’s diverse terrain includes:

  • Mountainous areas (Ba Den Mountain, the highest peak in Southern Vietnam at 986 meters, Phụng Mountain at 435 meters, Heo Mountain at 289 meters)
  • Sub-plateau areas with elevations below 50 meters, featuring low rolling hills, found in southern districts like Go Dau and Trang Bang
  • Hilly regions under 150 meters with wide slopes, found in the upper reaches of Dau Tieng Lake, Tan Chau, Tan Bien, and the northern part of Tay Ninh City
  • Valleys and floodplains below 2 meters concentrated along the Vam Co Dong River and west of Ben Cau District. Overall, Tay Ninh’s terrain is flatter compared to other provinces in the Southeastern region, with an average elevation of approximately 35 meters above sea level.
The panoramic view of Tay Ninh City at night - TTTFIC Group

The panoramic view of Tay Ninh City at night – TTTFIC Group

III. Climate:

Tay Ninh has a relatively mild climate categorized as a tropical monsoon climate with distinct wet and dry seasons. The dry season typically lasts from December to April, while the rainy season extends from May to November. The temperature remains relatively stable, with the early dry season being cool and dry, especially in the northern and central areas, where nighttime temperatures can drop below 20°C. During the peak of the dry season, daytime temperatures can reach above 38°C, resulting in a temperature difference of around 10-14°C. In the rainy season, high humidity leads to frequent rainfall, with daytime temperatures averaging 30-34°C and nighttime temperatures around 23-26°C. The annual average temperature ranges from 25.5–27°C, with a record low of 11.3°C and a record high of 40°C. The lowest temperatures occur from December to February, while the highest temperatures persist from April to May. Tay Ninh receives an annual average rainfall of 1800–2200 mm. Additionally, due to its inland location and protection from the Truong Son Mountain Range, Tay Ninh is less affected by tropical storms, with strong southwest winds bringing occasional heavy rain and hail to the northern and central areas during the storm season from June to August.

Tay Ninh City- TTTFIC Group

Tay Ninh City- TTTFIC Group

IV. Administration:

Tay Ninh Province is administratively divided into 9 district-level units, including 1 city, 2 towns, and 6 districts, with a total of 94 commune-level administrative units. These consist of 17 wards, 6 townships, and 71 communes.

V. Economy:

In 2018, Tay Ninh was the 37th most populous administrative unit in Vietnam, ranking 28th in terms of Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) and 14th in terms of per capita GRDP. The province achieved a GRDP of 71.166 trillion Vietnamese Dong (equivalent to 3.0908 billion USD) with a per capita GRDP of 62.79 million Vietnamese Dong (equivalent to 2,727 USD), and a GRDP growth rate of 8.01%.

Tay Ninh is considered a vital international gateway for Vietnam, connecting with Cambodia, Thailand, and other countries. It also plays a crucial role in facilitating the exchange of goods between the key economic regions in the South and the provinces in the Mekong Delta.

In 2022, Tay Ninh experienced a rapid economic and social development with a growth rate of 9.56%, ranking 16th in the country and leading among the key economic regions in the South. The total revenue from tourism increased by 130%, reaching 1.4 trillion Vietnamese Dong, while the number of tourists rose by 200% to 4.5 million visitors. Bà Đen Mountain National Tourist Area became one of the top 5 most attractive tourist destinations in the country.

Investor from Singapore invests in Phuoc Dong Business Park - Tay Ninh - TTTFIC Group

Investor from Singapore invests in Phuoc Dong Business Park – Tay Ninh – TTTFIC Group

1. Industry:

Tây Ninh’s industrial and small-scale handicraft sectors have been steadily growing. The province has established processing plants for agricultural products, including sugar cane factories, cassava flour processing facilities, and rubber latex processing plants. It has also developed industrial zones within the province.

Notable industrial zones in Tay Ninh include:

2. Tourism:

Tay Ninh is renowned for its majestic natural landscapes and impressive man-made structures, including:

  • Bà Đen Mountain, the highest peak in Southern Vietnam at 986 meters
  • Lo Go – Xa Mat National Park
  • Dau Tieng Lake
  • Cao Dai Holy See in Tây Ninh
  • Central Office of the South
  • An Thoi – Trang Bang Tunnels
  • Various other tourist attractions such as Ma Thien Lanh and Cao Son Tu Pagoda in Gò Dầu District.
Mountain Ba Den Tourism - Tay Ninh - TTTFIC Group

Mountain Ba Den Tourism – Tay Ninh – TTTFIC Group

VI. Population:

As of April 1, 2019, the total population of Tay Ninh province reached 1,169,165 people, with a population density of 268 people per square kilometer. Among them, the urban population was 207,569 people, accounting for 17.8% of the total population, while the rural population was 961,596 people, accounting for 82.2% of the total population. The male population was 584,180 people, and the female population was 584,985 people. The natural population growth rate varies by region, with an overall increase of 0.92%. The urbanization rate reached 42% by 2021.

As of April 1, 2019, Tay Ninh province had 9 different religions, with the largest being Cao Dai with 415,920 followers, followed by Catholics with 45,992 followers, Buddhists with 38,336 followers, and other religions such as Islam with 3,337 followers, Protestantism with 684 followers, Hoa Hao Buddhism with 236 followers, Minh Su Dao with four followers, Tinh Do Cu Si Phat Hoi Viet Nam with two followers, and Baha’i with one follower.

According to statistics from the General Statistics Office of Vietnam, as of April 1, 2009, Tay Ninh province was home to 29 different ethnic groups and foreign nationals. Among them, the Kinh ethnic group had 1,050,376 people, Khmer people had 7,578 people, Cham people had 3,250 people, Xtiêng people had 1,654 people, Hoa people had 2,495 people, and others included ethnic groups such as Muong, Thai, and Tay.

Tay Ninh Landmarks - TTTFIC Group

Tay Ninh Landmarks – TTTFIC Group

VII. Education:

As of September 30, 2011, there were 410 schools in Tây Ninh province, including 31 high schools, 106 secondary schools, 271 primary schools, 1 specialized school, and 116 kindergartens. With such a comprehensive school system, the education system in Tây Ninh province is relatively complete and contributes to reducing illiteracy in the province.

Tay Ninh has an international standard Cambridge school, the IGC Tây Ninh International School, located at 1A Chanh Mon Street, Ward 1, Tay Ninh City, offering education from preschool to high school, both boarding and day schooling.

There is also a specialized high school, Hoang Le Kha High School, located at 368 Truong Chinh Street, Ward 3, Tay Ninh City.

Some of the top schools in the province include:

  • Hoang Le Kha High School
  • Tay Ninh High School
  • Nguyen Trai High School
  • Ly Thuong Kiet High School
  • Tran Dai Nghia High School

VIII. Transportation:

Tay Ninh is crossed by the Xuyen A highway, which is nearly 28 kilometers long, connecting Ho Chi Minh City with Cambodia through the Mộc Bài border gate. Tây Ninh has two main rivers, the Sai Gon River and the Vam Co Dong River. In addition, the province also has the Bến Kéo river port located on the Vam Co Dong River.

Moc Bai International Border Gate - Tay Ninh - TTTFIC Group

Moc Bai International Border Gate – Tay Ninh – TTTFIC Group

IX. Investment Attraction:

Tây Ninh province, located in the southwest of Vietnam near the border with Cambodia, has been developing policies and strategies to attract investment in various sectors, including industry, agriculture, and services. Here are some important factors that can be integrated to attract investment to Tây Ninh province:

  1. Transportation Infrastructure: Investing in transportation infrastructure, such as highways, airports, and seaports, connects Tây Ninh to important markets in the region and globally. This facilitates the transportation of goods and people, making the province an attractive destination for businesses.
  2. Industrial Zones and Export Processing Zones: Establishing and managing industrial zones and export processing zones is attracting manufacturing and industrial businesses to Tây Ninh. Infrastructure and support services need to be provided to make investment and production easier.
  3. Incentive Policies: Tây Ninh province can establish tax incentives, land lease discounts, and other financial support to stimulate investment. These policies can focus on strategic sectors the province wants to develop.
  4. Human Resource Development: Training and developing the workforce are important factors in attracting investment. Training programs and vocational training can be established to ensure a skilled workforce for various industries.
  5. Interaction with Businesses: Local government agencies should maintain good relationships with businesses operating in the province and listen to their feedback to improve the business environment.
  6. Building Image and Brand: Advertising the benefits and potential of Tây Ninh through marketing campaigns and communication can attract the attention of investors.
Tay Ninh Province - Vietnam - TTTFIC Group

Tay Ninh Province – Vietnam – TTTFIC Group

X. Investment Incentives and Policies:

In 2022, despite the economic challenges both domestically and internationally, Tây Ninh province continued to attract significant investment. The province attracted a total investment capital of 16.5 trillion VND from both domestic and foreign sources, a 4.7% increase compared to the previous year. It approved 56 new investment projects, including projects in agriculture, industry, urban development, and more. Notably, two solar energy projects in the Dầu Tiếng area with a total registered investment capital of over 7,000 billion VND were approved.

Foreign direct investment (FDI) has also played a significant role in the province’s development, particularly in the industrial sector. As of now, there are 370 FDI projects in the province with a total registered capital of 9.2 billion USD, ranking 15th out of 63 provinces and cities in attracting FDI. The province currently has 7,279 active businesses with a total registered capital of 184,399 billion VND. The investment environment in the province remains stable, with project revenue and tax contributions increasing compared to the previous year.

Efforts have also been made to support the development of agriculture. The province has implemented seven support policies to promote agricultural production, including policies to support good agricultural practices, high-tech agriculture, and organic farming. These policies have already supported 13 projects covering an area of 233.5 hectares with a total budget of 4,672 million VND (reaching 30% of the allocated budget). Support for agricultural product production and consumption linkages has also been implemented, with 9 projects covering 2,231 hectares and a total budget of 12,869.6 million VND (reaching 42% of the allocated budget) during the period from 2019 to 2022.

In addition, Tây Ninh has been focusing on developing industrial zones (IZs) to attract investors. Alongside the existing six IZs, the provincial government has proposed the addition of two new IZs and the expansion of one IZ, totaling 3,944 hectares, to meet the increasing demand of investors in the coming years.

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Industrial Park


Thanh Thanh Cong Industrial Park - Tay Ninh Province

Thanh Thanh Cong Industrial Park - Tay Ninh Province

  • Investor: Thanh Thanh Cong Industrial Zone Joint-Stock Company
  • Price: 95 USD/m2
  • Area: 1020 Ha
TMTC Textiles and Supporting Industry IZ

TMTC Textiles and Supporting Industry IZ

  • Investor: TMTC Industrial Zone Development Company Limited
  • Price: 95 USD/m2
  • Area: 180,11 Ha
Linh Trung 3 Export Processing Zone and Industrial Park

Linh Trung 3 Export Processing Zone and Industrial Park

  • Price: 90 USD/m2
  • Area: 202,67 Ha
Cha La Industrial Park

Cha La Industrial Park

  • Investor: International Investments Division
  • Price: 80
  • Area: 200 Ha
Phuoc Dong Business Park - Tay Ninh Province

Phuoc Dong Business Park - Tay Ninh Province

  • Investor: Sai Gon VRG Investment Corporation
  • Price: 90 USD/m2
  • Area: 2.191,97 Ha
Trang Bang Industrial Park - Tay Ninh Province

Trang Bang Industrial Park - Tay Ninh Province

  • Investor: Tay Ninh Industrial Park Infrastructure Development Joint Stock Company (INDECO)
  • Price: 112 USD/m2
  • Area: 189,10 Ha
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